Science Overview

Effects of Whale Watching and other vessels on Southern Resident Orca Whales.

Motorized whale watch boats are one of the significant problems facing the endangered and declining Southern Resident Orca. As of January 2017, it is assumed the population is at an alarming 78 individuals.

  • Their motors have frequencies that mask sonar
  • They can find the Orca whenever they want (some guarantee whales) with a spotting network
  • They act as a magnet for private boaters

From more than a decade of scientific studies on the issue of orca mortality, we know that Southern Resident Orca are being negatively affected in the following ways:

  1. In years of low Chinook salmon returns, Orca are under stress for finding food;
  2. Constant pursuit by the commercial motorized fleet (during daylight hours from May to October) leads to increased stress levels, increased metabolic rates and an increased need for food, while simultaneously reducing their sonar – and therefore hunting – efficiency;
  3. As whales starve, they consume the toxins locked in their blubber reserves, which very likely harm their reproductive capacity and overall health.

The scientific “vessel impact hypothesis” argues that when Orca are exposed to extensive vessel traffic, there are associated behavioral changes, increased energy output and/or foraging interference, which results in nutritional and possibly psychological stress (Bain. in press, Holt, et al. 2008, Kriete. 2002, Noren et al. 2009, VanBlaricom & Alvares-Flores. 2001, Williams & Ashe 2007, Williams & Noren 2009, Williams, et al. 2006, Williams et al. 2009).